2023-06-02T19:37:59Zhttps://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace-oai/requestoai:eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp:2115/791862022-11-17T02:08:08Zhdl_2115_45007hdl_2115_116A lower spatially Lipschitz bound for solutions to fully nonlinear parabolic equations and its optimality1000070749754Hamamuki, NaoKikkawa, Suguruopen access410We derive a lower spatially Lipschitz bound for viscosity solutions to fully nonlinear parabolic partial differential equations when the initial datum belongs to the Holder space. The resulting estimate depends on the initial Holder expo-nent and the growth rates of the equation with respect to the first and second order derivative terms. Our estimate is applicable to equations which are possibly singular at the initial time. Moreover, it gives the optimal rate of the regularizing effect for solutions, which occurs for some uniformly parabolic equations and first order Hamilton-Jacobi equations. In the proof of our lower estimate, we con-struct a subsolution and a supersolution by optimally rescaling the solution of the heat equation and then compare them with the solution. For linear equations, the lower spatially Lipschitz bound for solutions can be obtained in a different way if the fundamental solution satisfies the Aronson estimate. Examples include the heat convection equation whose convection term has singularities.Department of Mathematics, Hokkaido University2020-09-02engdepartmental bulletin paperVoRhttps://doi.org/10.14943/95172http://hdl.handle.net/2115/7918610.14943/95172Hokkaido University Preprint Series in Mathematics1134130https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/79186/1/LowSpaLip.pdfapplication/pdf181.53 KB2020-09-02