2022-08-19T02:17:27Zhttps://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace-oai/requestoai:eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp:2115/59082019-05-10T04:25:00Zhdl_2115_20039hdl_2115_116Spectral properties of a Dirac operator in the chiral quark soliton modelArai, AsaoHayashi, KunimitsuSasaki, Itaru421.5We consider a Dirac operator H acting in the Hilbert space L2(R3;C4)(x)C2, which describes a Hamiltonian of the chiral quark soliton model in nuclear physics. The mass term of H is a matrix-valued function formed out of a function F:R3→R, called a profile function, and a vector field n on R3, which fixes pointwise a direction in the isospin space of the pion. We first show that, under suitable conditions, H may be regarded as a generator of a supersymmetry. In this case, the spectra of H are symmetric with respect to the origin of R. We then identify the essential spectrum of H under some condition for F. For a class of profile functions F, we derive an upper bound for the number of discrete eigenvalues of H. Under suitable conditions, we show the existence of a positive energy ground state or a negative energy ground state for a family of scaled deformations of H. A symmetry reduction of H is also discussed. Finally a unitary transformation of H is given, which may have a physical interpretation.American Institute of PhysicsJournal Articleapplication/pdfhttp://hdl.handle.net/2115/5908https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/5908/1/JMP46-5.pdf0022-2488JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS460523062005-05enginfo:doi/10.1063/1.1896388Copyright © 2005 American Institute of Physicspublisher