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Molecular orbital structures in 10Be

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Title: Molecular orbital structures in 10Be
Authors: Itagaki, N. Browse this author
Okabe, S. Browse this author
Issue Date: 3-Mar-2000
Publisher: American Physical Society
Journal Title: Physical Review C
Volume: 61
Issue: 4
Start Page: 044306
Publisher DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.61.044306
Abstract: The structure of 10Be is investigated using a microscopic α+α+n+n model based on the molecular orbit (MO) model. The low-lying states are characterized by several configurations of valence neutrons, which are constructed as combinations of three basic orbits. The model space employed is extended from the traditional MO models, and the orbits are expressed as linear combinations of local Gaussians. Their positions are determined variationally. Using this model, we reanalyze the structure of 9Be and show that this extension enables us to use the original two-body spin-orbit interaction determined from a scattering phase-shift analysis of α-n. In 10Be, all of the observed positive-parity bands and the negative-parity bands are described within the model. The 0+ ground state of 10Be is described by a dominant (3/2-)2 configuration. The state has a rather large binding energy (8.38 MeV from the α+α+n+n threshold experimentally), and the mechanism leading to binding, such as a pairing effect and reduction of the kinetic energy between two clusters, is discussed in detail. In spite of this large binding, the α-α clustering in the ground state persists due to a coupling effect between the 6He+α configuration and the 5He+5He configuration, which provides a smooth potential for the valence neutrons. The second 0+ state of 10Be has a large α-α structure with a (1/2+)2 configuration. An enlargement of the α-α distance due to two-valence neutrons along the α-α axis makes their wave function smooth and reduces the kinetic energy drastically. Furthermore, the contribution of the spin-orbit interaction due to coupling between the Sz=0 and the Sz=1 configurations is important. We also show the mediation effect of two valence neutrons between two α clusters.
Rights: Copyright © 2000 American Physical Society
Type: article
Appears in Collections:情報基盤センター (Information Initiative Center) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 岡部 成玄

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