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Interannual environmental-soil thawing rate variation and its control on transpiration from Larix cajanderi, Central Yakutia, Eastern Siberia

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Title: Interannual environmental-soil thawing rate variation and its control on transpiration from Larix cajanderi, Central Yakutia, Eastern Siberia
Authors: Lopez, M.L.C. Browse this author
Saito, H. Browse this author
Kobayashi, Y. Browse this author
Shirota, T. Browse this author
Iwahana, G. Browse this author
Maximov, T.C. Browse this author
Fukuda, M. Browse this author
Keywords: Active layer
Canopy conductance
Canopy transpiration
Environmental control
Soil moisture
Soil thawing rate
Issue Date: 30-May-2007
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Journal Title: Journal of Hydrology
Volume: 338
Issue: 3-4
Start Page: 251
End Page: 260
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2007.02.039
Abstract: Sapflow measurements were carried out in a larch forest in eastern Siberia, an area of wide permafrost distribution. Canopy transpiration and canopy conductance were scaled up from these values. The objective was to analyze the relationship between environmental variables, mainly vapour pressure deficit (D), soil moisture and soil thawing rate with canopy transpiration and canopy conductance. Maximum sapflow rate was 42.4 kg d−1 tree−1 with bigger trees showing a more accentuated response to environmental changes. Canopy transpiration (Ec) showed inter-annual variability, with a maximum value of 1.7 mm d−1 in 2003 and 1.2 mm d−1 in 2004. Soil moisture was higher in 2003 because of higher precipitation (230 mm in 2003 compared to 110 mm in 2004 for the total growing season). Maximum soil thawing rate in 2003 and 2004 was 140 cm and 120 cm, respectively, because of different air temperature, soil water content and precipitation regime among other factors. Canopy conductance (gc) was positively correlated with D during fine weather and well-watered days in both years. On the other hand, canopy conductance was well correlated with soil moisture (R2 = 0.83) in the upper layers (20–30 cm depth) during 2003 (wet year) but not in 2004 (dry year), representing its strong but limited control over water fluxes from the forest. By comparison with other studies in this region, canopy transpiration is estimated to contribute to almost 50% of the total forest evaporation, highlighting the important role of understorey transpiration in permafrost regions. Our results show that it is not only the impermeability of permafrost with the property of keeping soil moisture in the thin active layer but it is also the slow soil thawing rate that plays the important role of controlling the amount of water available for trees roots in the upper soil layers during dry years.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: M. L. C. Lopez

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