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地球規模での市民参加におけるファシリテーターの役割 : 地球温暖化に関する世界市民会議(WWViews)を事例として

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Title: 地球規模での市民参加におけるファシリテーターの役割 : 地球温暖化に関する世界市民会議(WWViews)を事例として
Other Titles: The Role of Facilitators in Global-Scale Public Participation Exercises : A Case Study on World Wide Views on Global Warming
Authors: 三上, 直之1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Mikami, Naoyuki1
Keywords: World Wide Views
global warming
Issue Date: Feb-2010
Publisher: 北海道大学科学技術コミュニケーター養成ユニット(CoSTEP)
Journal Title: 科学技術コミュニケーション
Journal Title(alt): Japanese Journal of Science Communication
Volume: 7
Start Page: 19
End Page: 32
Abstract: This paper discusses the issues about facilitation of public participation meetings, taking World Wide Views on Global Warming (WWViews) as an example. Held in 38 countries around the world on the same day in September 2009, WWViews was an unprecedented challenge of science communication. In each country, 100 ordinary citizens were invited and divided into small groups to deliberate on difficult questions about global climate change in an internationally uniformed method. After the event, we conducted inquiry surveys aimed at both the participants and facilitators who joined in the Japanese meeting of WWViews in order to examine how effectively the participating citizens were facilitated in the deliberation process. The overall evaluation by the participants was high, especially with a high satisfaction level of group facilitation and meeting procedure. However, some participants had difficulty in feeling something familiar to the discussion topics relevant to current international negotiation, such as short-term reduction targets of green house gases and the frameworks of assistance to developing countries. The facilitators also reported in the post-event survey that they found it difficult to bridge the gap between the interests of participants and the agenda, mainly because of the uniformed rule to strictly require the facilitators of neutrality and prohibit them from giving additional information to the participants. Impartialness of facilitators is an essential requirement for deliberative exercises, but applying too strict rules would work negatively. Instead of confining the facilitators to a narrow role of "neutral chairpersons," it is necessary to regard facilitators as "experts of mediation" and let them actively serve as interpreters between the everyday life of participating citizens and the world of international negotiations.
Description: 小特集 World Wide Views
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:科学技術コミュニケーション = Japanese Journal of Science Communication > 7号

Submitter: 『科学技術コミュニケーション』編集委員会

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