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Removal of residual dissolved methane gas in an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor treating low-strength wastewater at low temperature with degassing membrane

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/2115/45460

Title: Removal of residual dissolved methane gas in an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor treating low-strength wastewater at low temperature with degassing membrane
Authors: Bandara, Wasala M. K. R. T. W. Browse this author
Satoh, Hisashi Browse this author
Sasakawa, Manabu Browse this author
Nakahara, Yoshihito Browse this author
Takahashi, Masahiro Browse this author
Okabe, Satoshi Browse this author
Keywords: Dissolved methane gas
Degassing membrane
Anaerobic wastewater treatment
Low temperature
Low-strength wastewater
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Water Research
Volume: 45
Issue: 11
Start Page: 3533
End Page: 3540
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2011.04.030
PMID: 21550096
Abstract: In this study, we investigated the efficiency of dissolved methane (D-CH4) collection by degasification from the effluent of a bench-scale upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor treating synthetic wastewater. A hollow-fiber degassing membrane module was used for degasification. This module was connected to the liquid outlet of the UASB reactor. After chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency of the UASB reactor became stable, D-CH4 discharged from the UASB reactor was collected. Under 35°C and a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 10 h, average D-CH4 concentration could be reduced from 63 mg COD L–1 to 15 mg COD L–1; this, in turn, resulted in an increase in total methane (CH4) recovery efficiency from 89% to 97%. Furthermore, we investigated the effects of temperature and HRT of the UASB reactor on degasification efficiency. Average D-CH4 concentration was as high as 104 mg COD L–1 at 15°C because of the higher solubility of CH4 gas in liquid; the average D-CH4 concentration was reduced to 14 mg COD L–1 by degasification. Accordingly, total CH4 recovery efficiency increased from 71% to 97% at 15°C as a result of degasification. Moreover, degasification tended to cause an increase in particulate COD removal efficiency. The UASB reactor was operated at the same COD loading rate, but different wastewater feed rates and HRTs. Although average D-CH4 concentration in the UASB reactor was almost unchanged (ca. 70 mg COD L–1) regardless of the HRT value, the CH4 discharge rate from the UASB reactor increased because of an increase in the wastewater feed rate. Because the D-CH4 concentration could be reduced down to 12 ± 1 mg COD L–1 by degasification at an HRT of 6.7 h, the 3 CH4 recovery rate was 1.5 times higher under degasification than under normal operation.
Relation: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00431354
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/45460
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 佐藤 久

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