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北海道大学留学生センター紀要 = Bulletin of International Student Center Hokkaido University >
第11号 >

リズム単位を利用した発音指導 : 後ろ向きフットカウントの試み

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Title: リズム単位を利用した発音指導 : 後ろ向きフットカウントの試み
Other Titles: The foot as a unit for Japanese pronunciation practice : A new approach to backward foot counting
Authors: 山下, 好孝1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Yamashita, Yoshitaka1
Keywords: フット
Issue Date: Mar-2008
Publisher: 北海道大学留学生センター
Journal Title: 北海道大学留学生センター紀要
Journal Title(alt): Journal of International Student Center, Hokkaido University
Volume: 11
Start Page: 76
End Page: 89
Abstract: 現在、日本語教育の発音指導には拍を基本としたものが多い。しかしながらこの拍の感覚を外国人学習者が身につけるにはかなりの困難をともなう。そこで、発音指導で拍ではなくリズム単位(フット)を導入することを試みた。さらに、動詞の発音指導にさいし、フットの区切りを従来の語頭からではなく語末からカウントすることを試みた。以上のような工夫を通じて、学生のパフォーマンスに向上が見られた。動詞の辞書形、ナイ形、テ形などでアクセントのルールが統一できたため、学生の自立的な発音学習に寄与できた。
Traditionally Japanese pronunciation practice is based on the "mora" as the basic phonetic unit. The explanation of Japanese accent rules also makes use of the mora. But the concept of mora is difficult for foreign learners to perceive. And, of course, they don't put the accent on the proper position in Japanese words. In this report I propose the use of the foot as a unit for pronunciation practice. A foot is made of two morae. Sometimes two morae make one long syllable, and one long syllable composes a foot. On the other hand, one mora can make a short syllable, and two short syllables make a foot. In my Japanese classes I introduced foot-dividing exercises both in written and oral practice. I also introduced backward foot-counting in the case of verbs and adjectives. This new method has proved to be effective among intermediate and upper level Japanese learners. They pay more attention to special morae such as ONBIN combinations. Based on foot-dividing it is much easier for them to put the accent on the proper position in a word, because the accent rule is very simple if the unit is a foot.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学留学生センター紀要 = Bulletin of International Student Center Hokkaido University > 第11号

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