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Effect of warm-up exercise on delayed-onset muscle soreness

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Title: Effect of warm-up exercise on delayed-onset muscle soreness
Authors: Takizawa, Kazuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Soma, Toshio Browse this author
Nosaka, Kazunori Browse this author
Ishikawa, Tomoji Browse this author
Ishii, Kojiro Browse this author
Keywords: Muscle damage
eccentric exercise
muscle temperature
deep body thermometer
Issue Date: 22-Aug-2011
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal Title: European Journal of Sport Science
Volume: 12
Issue: 6
Start Page: 455
End Page: 461
Publisher DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2011.566371
Abstract: This study investigated whether a warm-up exercise consisting of 100 submaximal concentric contractions would attenuate delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and decreases in muscle strength associated with eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage. Ten male students performed two bouts of the elbow flexor exercise consisting of 12 maximal eccentric contractions with a warm-up exercise for one arm (WU) and without warm-up for the other arm (control: CON) in a randomised, counterbalanced order separated by 4 weeks. Muscle temperature of the biceps brachii prior to the exercise was compared between the arms, and muscle activity of the biceps brachii during the exercise was assessed by surface integral electromyogram (iEMG). Changes in visual analog scale for muscle soreness and maximal voluntary isometric contraction strength (MVC) of the elbow flexors were assessed before, immediately after, and every 24 hours for 5 days following exercise, and compared between the WU and CON conditions by a two-way repeated measures ANOVA. The pre-exercise biceps brachii muscle temperature was significantly (p < 0.01) higher for the WU (35.8 ± 0.2℃) than CON condition (34.4 ± 0.2℃), but no significant differences in iEMG and torque produced during exercise were evident between conditions. Changes in muscle soreness and MVC were not significantly different between conditions, although these variables showed significant (p<0.05) changes over time. It was concluded that the warm-up exercise was not effective in mitigating DOMS and loss of muscle strength following maximal eccentric exercise.
Rights: This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in European Journal of Sport Science, 12(6), pp.455-461, 22 Aug. 2011, copyright Taylor & Francis, available online at:
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:高等教育推進機構 (Institute for the Advancement of Higher Education) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 瀧澤 一騎

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