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GPS 観測に基づく北海道地方の2011 年東北地方太平洋沖地震(Mw 9.0)に伴うひずみの時空間変化

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Title: GPS 観測に基づく北海道地方の2011 年東北地方太平洋沖地震(Mw 9.0)に伴うひずみの時空間変化
Other Titles: Spatiotemporal strain distribution based on GPS network in Hokkaido induced by the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake(Mw 9.0)
Authors: 大園, 真子1 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Ohzono, Mako1
Issue Date: 19-Mar-2013
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院理学研究院
Journal Title: 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告
Journal Title(alt): Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University
Volume: 76
Start Page: 97
End Page: 110
Abstract: Wide and large coseismic displacement field around Tohoku region, northeastern Japan, are induced by the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake. Because their effect is confirmable not only in Tohoku region, but also Hokkaido, I focus on the coseismic and postseismic strain field in Hokkaido using nationwide GPS network. A remarkable coseismic deformation is observed around southwestern Hokkaido, and the coseismic strain distribution shows also large extension with NNW-SSE direction (~ 0.6ppm). Published fault models basically explain this coseismic deformation pattern. The displacement field during one year after the earthquake shows significant effect of postseismic deformation especially in the western part of Hokkaido. Along the Pacific coast, which parallels to Kuril trench, two different patterns appear relative to the interseismic period; smaller displacement in the eastern part (Erimo to Kushiro) , and approximately same displacement in the western part (Kushiro to Nemuro) . The shortening strain toward plate convergence direction is large in both interseismic and postseismic periods at the eastern part. It suggests that the interplate coupling around eastern Hokkaido has still continued. The relationship between postseismic strain field and shallow seismicity after the 2011 earthquake does not appear clearly at present.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学地球物理学研究報告 = Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University > 第76号

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