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Growth of Japanese and hybrid larch seedlings grown under free-air O-3 fumigation-an initial assessment of the effects of adequate and excessive nitrogen

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Title: Growth of Japanese and hybrid larch seedlings grown under free-air O-3 fumigation-an initial assessment of the effects of adequate and excessive nitrogen
Authors: Dong-Gyu, Kam Browse this author
Shi, Cong Browse this author
Watanabe, Makoto Browse this author
Kita, Kazuhito Browse this author
Satoh, Fuyuki Browse this author
Koike, Takayoshi Browse this author
Keywords: Ground surface ozone
Hybrid larch F-1
Japanese larch
Nitrogen deposition
Re-translocation
Issue Date: Sep-2015
Publisher: 日本農業気象学会
Journal Title: Journal of agricultural meteorology
Volume: 71
Issue: 3
Start Page: 239
End Page: 244
Publisher DOI: 10.2480/agrmet.D-14-00029
Abstract: Ground-surface ozone (O-3) and nitrogen (N) deposition in forests are increasing rapidly in East Asia. The Japanese larch (JL) has been transplanted from central Japan to northern areas. Because the JL suffers from shoot blight disease and grazing by voles, the hybrid larch (F-1) was developed to overcome these weak points. For sustainable use of these larches, we should know the growth responses of larches to elevated O-3 (eO(3)) and excessive N deposition in northern Japan. Two-year-old JL and F-1 seedlings were potted in well-weathered immature volcanic ash soil with basal dressing of balanced fertilizer containing 47 kgN ha(-1) yr(-1), due to a lack of nutrients in the soil. To simulate eO(3), seedlings were grown in a free-air O-3 fumigation system (60 nmol mol(-1) in daytime). Also, to simulate acid rain, NH4NO3 (50 kgN ha(-1) yr(-1) in total) was applied to the plants. Independent of the N loading, the dry mass of needle litter in both JL and F-1 was less at eO(3) than at ambient O-3. Re-translocation of N before the needle shedding of both larches was lower under eO(3). As a result, the aboveground biomass per needle (i.e. productive efficiency) was higher at eO(3).
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/60224
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 小池 孝良

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