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北海道農業経済研究 = Hokkaido Jounal of Agricultural Economics >
第8巻 第2号 >


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Title: 大規模畑地型農業の活性化と地域・環境政策(1998年度秋季大会シンポジウム「新農業基本法における地域・環境政策と北海道農業の進路-畑作及び酪農の活性化方策を中心にして-」)
Other Titles: A Regional and Environmental Policies for the Development of Large Scale Upland Agriculture(REPORTS AND DISCUSSIONS AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY IN 1998: Regional and Environmental Polices under the New Agricultural Policy and Agriculture in Hokkaido: Focus on Upland and Dairy Farming)
Authors: 松木, 靖1 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Matuki, Yasushi1
Issue Date: 25-Feb-2000
Publisher: 北海道農業経済学会
Journal Title: 北海道農業経済研究
Volume: 8
Issue: 2
Start Page: 13
End Page: 28
Abstract: This paper aims to create regional and environmental policies that are needed to develop upland agriculture in Hokkaido under the new "Food, Agriculture and Rural Basic Law." Japanese economists have discussed regional development policy and an environmental policy mainly for paddy agriculture and livestock farming in Japan, however, upland agriculture plays as an important role in preserving natural resources and in providing rural amenities as paddy farming. On the other hand, there has been significant environmental stress caused by the application of large amounts of fertilizer and pesticides, and by specialized farming. Thus, upland agriculture is as damaging to the environment as livestock farming. The scale of upland farms in Hokkaido is larger than in other areas. They also have a crop rotation system that changes between potatoes, sugar beets, wheat and beans. This farming style began in the 1960s and was later promoted by the "Agriculture Basic Law." Since the latter half of the 1980s, in response to price reductions for their main crops, upland farmers have either chosen to expand their land area or do intensive farming by cultivating vegetables. These new practices were found to have a negative impact. In a case study from the Kitami Region, introduction of vegetable production caused confusion within the old rotation system and in soil productivity methods. Furthermore, the fields that were distant from the farmhouse are used extensively for wheat production and green fallow. If the price of wheat were to fall, these lands would be left unplanted. Under the "New Basic Law," policy making must consider the overhaul of the crop rotation system for the continued development of upland agriculture in Hokkaido. A system of rural land preservation that is supported by the government, agricultural cooperatives, and other all agri-organizations is needed to protect these lands in the long-term.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:北海道農業経済研究 = Hokkaido Jounal of Agricultural Economics > 第8巻 第2号

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