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Relationship between in vitro growth of bovine oocytes and steroidogenesis of granulosa cells cultured in medium supplemented with bone morphogenetic protein-4 and follicle stimulating hormone

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Title: Relationship between in vitro growth of bovine oocytes and steroidogenesis of granulosa cells cultured in medium supplemented with bone morphogenetic protein-4 and follicle stimulating hormone
Authors: Sakaguchi, Kenichiro Browse this author
Huang, Weiping Browse this author
Yang, Yinghua Browse this author
Yanagawa, Yojiro Browse this author
Nagano, Masashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: BMP-4
Early antral follicle
In vitro growth
Maturational competence
Issue Date: 23-Apr-2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Theriogenology
Volume: 97
Start Page: 113
End Page: 123
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2017.04.030
PMID: 28583594
Abstract: Bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4) and FSH play important regulatory roles in follicular growth and steroidogenesis in vivo. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of BMP-4 and FSH on in vitro growth (IVG) and steroidogenesis of bovine oocyte-cumulus-granulosa complexes (OCGCs). We cultured OCGCs collected from early antral follicles (0.5-1 mm) in medium without BMP-4 and FSH for 4 days and investigated the appearance of OCGCs and their steroidogenesis. During the first 4 days of IVG, morphologically normal OCGCs produced more estradiol-17 beta (E-2), but less progesterone (P-4). Morphologically normal OCGCs were subjected to an additional culture in medium supplemented with BMP-4 (0, 10, and 50 ng/mL) and FSH (0 and 0.5 ng/mL) until day 12. We examined the viability and steroidogenesis of OCGCs after 8 and 12 days of culture. Oocyte growth, characteristics of granulosa cells, and the maturational competence of oocytes were also investigated. On day 8, the viability of OCGCs cultured without FSH was higher in the 10 ng/mL BMP-4 group than in the 50 ng/mL BMP-4 group (P < 0.05). No significant difference was observed in the viability of groups cultured with FSH, regardless of the addition of BMP-4, and FSH improved the viability of 50 ng/mL BMP-4 group similar to 10 ng/mL BMP-4 group. The total number of granulosa cells was larger in 10 ng/mL BMP-4 group cultured with FSH than in 50 ng/mL BMP-4 group cultured with FSH on day 8 (P < 0.05). E-2 production decreased from days 8-12, and P-4 production increased throughout IVG culture, regardless of the addition of BMP-4 and FSH (P < 0.05). No significant differences in E-2 production were observed between groups from days 4-8, regardless of whether BMP-4 was added without FSH; however, E-2 production in the group cultured with 50 ng/mL BMP-4 was suppressed by FSH. BMP-4 suppressed E-2 production from days 8-12, regardless of whether FSH was added. The group cultured with 10 ng/mL BMP-4 without FSH showed the lowest P-4 production among all groups for all culture periods. OCGCs that produced mature oocytes tended to secrete more E-2 and less P-4 than OCGCs that produced immature oocytes. In conclusion, until day 8 of the NG culture, P-4 production by OCGCs was suppressed by the addition of 10 ng/mL BMP-4 in the absence of FSH, without inhibiting E-2 production. These conditions appear to mimic growing follicles until day 8 and mimic degenerating follicles from days 8-12 of culture.
Rights: © 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:獣医学院・獣医学研究院 (Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine / Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 永野 昌志

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