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Detection and localization of the thyroid hormone receptor beta mRNA in the immature olfactory receptor neurons of chum salmon

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Title: Detection and localization of the thyroid hormone receptor beta mRNA in the immature olfactory receptor neurons of chum salmon
Authors: Kudo, Hideaki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Eto, Akihiro Browse this author
Abe, Takashi Browse this author
Mochida, Kazuhiko Browse this author
Issue Date: 22-Aug-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Heliyon
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Start Page: e00744
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2018.e00744
Abstract: Thyroid hormone (TH) plays an important role in regulating multiple cellular and metabolic processes, including cell proliferation, cell death, and energy metabolism, in various organs and tissues of vertebrates. It is generally accepted that anadromous Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) imprint odorants from their natal stream during their seaward migration, and they then use olfaction to discriminate their natal stream during the spawning migration. Both serum TH levels and the specific binding values of TH in the salmon olfactory epithelium were markedly increased during the seaward migration. However, thyroid hormone receptor (TR) expression in the olfactory epithelium has not been confirmed in vertebrates. We investigated gene expression of TR isoforms in chum salmon (O. keta) by both molecular biological and histochemical techniques. Expression of TRβ mRNA was detected in the olfactory epithelium by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Nucleotide sequencing demonstrated the existence of a remarkable homology between the RT-PCR product and part of the ligand-binding domain of other teleost TRβ isoforms. By in situ hybridization using a digoxygenin-labeled salmon olfactory TRβ cRNA probe, signals for salmon olfactory TRβ mRNA were observed preferentially in the perinuclear regions of immature olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs), as protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5)-immunopositive ORNs. Our results provide the first detection of TRβ gene expression in the olfactory epithelium, and suggested the possibility that TRβ may be involved in cell maturation and/or cell differentiation of the ORNs in Pacific salmon.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 工藤 秀明

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