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Albatross chicks reveal interactions of adults with artisanal longline fisheries within a short range

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Title: Albatross chicks reveal interactions of adults with artisanal longline fisheries within a short range
Authors: Thiebot, Jean-Baptiste Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Nishizawa, Bungo Browse this author
Sato, Fumio Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tomita, Naoki Browse this author
Watanuki, Yutaka Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Artisanal fisheries
Phoebastria albatrosses
Seabird-fisheries interactions
Northwest Pacific
Issue Date: Oct-2018
Publisher: Springer
Journal Title: Journal of ornithology
Volume: 159
Issue: 4
Start Page: 935
End Page: 944
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s10336-018-1579-3
Abstract: Incidental capture in fisheries ("bycatch") is a major threat to global marine biodiversity, especially to those species with low fecundity, such as albatrosses. Efforts to reduce bycatch have been undertaken in industrial fisheries, but the scale of seabird interactions with artisanal or small-scale fleets remains largely unknown. The island of Torishima (Japan) is an important breeding site for two albatross species (short-tailed Phoebastria albatrus and black-footed P. nigripes) and also lies in the range of the artisanal longline fishery for the splendid alfonsino Beryx splendens. In February-March 2017, we tracked 23 foraging trips of adult P. nigripes feeding chicks by Global Positioning System (GPS) and monitored the prevalence of fishing gear at the nests using a metal detector. The foraging range of these albatrosses was a maximum of 280 km from Torishima, and only 3.7% of the GPS locations occurred over the shallow habitats targeted by the alfonsino fishery (water depth 150-500 m), suggesting relatively low risks of interaction. However, 190 (54.3%) nests of P. nigripes contained fishing gear, among which 12 (3.4%) nests or chicks contained a hook or an unidentified metallic object. Six hooks were also collected from P. albatrus nests. All found hooks, except one, originated from the alfonsino fishery, indicating that both targeted albatross species actually interacted with this fishery at sea. Both research approaches provided data from returning birds only and did not reflect possible lethal cases at sea. Monitoring the sub-lethal effects of bycatch and encouraging small-scale fisheries to report gear lost at sea are two possibilities to further help quantify and reduce the impact of fisheries on seabirds.
Rights: The original publication is available at
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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