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北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 = Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University >
第135号 >

日本の都市部に嫁いだ中国人女性の結婚の動機 : 時代による変化の視点から

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://doi.org/10.14943/b.edu.135.57

Title: 日本の都市部に嫁いだ中国人女性の結婚の動機 : 時代による変化の視点から
Other Titles: The marriage motive of Chinese women who had married to urban areas in Japan. : By analyzing the influence of the changing times
Authors: 張, 月1 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Zhang, Yue1
張, 玥1
Keywords: 結婚の動機
愛情
離婚の経験
貧困
Marriage motive
Love
Divorce experience
Poverty
Issue Date: 23-Dec-2019
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院
Journal Title: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要
Journal Title(alt): Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University
Volume: 135
Start Page: 57
End Page: 75
Abstract:  本研究では,日本の都市部に嫁いだ中国人結婚移住女性の結婚の動機について,時代ごとに動機の特徴を把握した上で,時代の推移に伴い動機がどのように変化してきたかを考察し,その変化をもたらした原因を探求する。調査の結果から,2000年代の時期において,離婚の経験,貧困の事情が直接的に,あるいは愛情を通して間接的に結婚の動機に影響する。この時期,離婚の急激な増加に対し,世間の意識が離婚の増加に追いつかず,離婚に対しマイナスのイメージを持っていた。更に,離婚だけではなく,連れ子がいる女性の場合,再婚の際,家族関係の維持も更に困難になっていた。このような女性は,日本人男性の連れ子を受け入れる優しさに魅力を感じ,結婚に至った。更に,2000年代の国内の経済状況に関して,中国社会は小康社会の基本達成から全面的達成に向かう途中であった。生活水準が小康に達していない人が存在するのも不思議ではない。このような改革の恩恵を受けていない人の中には,離婚の経験を持つ人や,離婚をして連れ子がいる人も存在した。このような女性たちは中国での再婚が困難なこともあり,状況改善を図るため,国際結婚の道を選ぶこととなった。
 This study aims at the marriage motive of Chinese women who had married to urban areas in Japan. By grasping the characteristics of the marriage motive in different times, the study analyzes the influence of the changing times on the marriage motive, and further analyzes the inherent causes. According to the survey results, in the first decade of the 21st century, divorce experience, poverty and other factors indirectly or directly affected the marriage motive through the love view. During this period, the change of public opinion failed to keep pace with the sharp increase in the number of divorces, which made people hold a negative attitude towards the divorced population. In addition, as the concept that men are superior to women was deeply rooted in people’s mind, women were in a more disadvantageous position in divorce compared with men. Especially women who had children with their ex-husbands were confronted with the difficulty of remarriage. Japanese men could accept children between their wives and former husband unconditionally, which had a strong appeal to the Chinese women,and thus they choose transnational marriages instead. At the same time, China's society was transiting from a well-off society to an overall well-off one, and there were still many people whose living standards did not reach a well-off level. Many of these people had experienced divorce, including women with children. They were facing financial troubles as well as remarriage difficulties. In order to improve this situation, they choose transnational marriage.
Type: bulletin (article)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/76403
Appears in Collections:北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 = Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University > 第135号

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