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北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 = Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University >
第136号 >


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Title: オーストラリアにおける遠隔教育学校の新たな役割
Other Titles: The new role of the school of distance education in Australia : focusing on the diversification of students
Authors: 青木, 麻衣子1 Browse this author
伊井, 義人2 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Aoki, Maiko1
Ii, Yoshihito2
Keywords: 遠隔教育
Distance education
School of distance education
School of the air
Social justice in education
Diversification of students
Issue Date: 25-Jun-2020
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院
Journal Title: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要
Journal Title(alt): Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University
Volume: 136
Start Page: 163
End Page: 175
Abstract:  日本の約20倍という広大な国土を持つオーストラリアでは,遠隔地域に居住し,一般の学校には就学が困難な子どもが一定数存在する。そのような物理的「距離」の壁を克服し,学校教育の機会を保障するために,同国で100年以上も前に設置されたのが,遠隔教育学校である。郵便,短波ラジオ,電話,インターネットなど,時代を追うごとに通信手段は刷新され,かつ,その対象も,遠隔地域に住む子ども達のみならず,医学的理由,学習困難,多様なライフスタイル,不登校や退学等,さまざまな状態にある子ども達へとその範囲を拡大してきた。しかし,その根底には一貫して,なんらかの理由で「孤立」する児童生徒の教育機会の保障・均等化,およびその質的向上といった,学校教育における「社会的公正」の実現という使命があった。本稿では,遠隔教育学校の展開を文献資料と現地調査で得た情報から整理し,その役割の変遷を明らかにする。また,それにより近年,遠隔教育学校が直面する課題についても検討したい。
 Australia has a vast land area about 20 times that of Japan, and a certain number of children living in remote and very remote areas inside of the country and not having access to local schools due to the geographic isolations. In order to overcome such physical 'distance' obstacles and ensure the opportunities for school education for every student, the system of distance education was established more than 100 years ago at around the same time that the Federal Government was set up in the country.  Communication methods in distance education such as postal, radio, telephone, and the Internet have been renewed with each passing era, and the target students have been extended not only for children living in remote areas but also for medical reasons, learning difficulties, diverse lifestyles and so on. In other words, diversification of learners has progressed with the times. However, the schools of distance education have always had a mission to achieve "social justice" in school education, through ensuring and equalizing educational opportunities for pupils who are geographically and socially "isolated" for some reasons and improving their quality.  In this paper, we would like to consider the development of the schools of distance education through the literature review and information obtained through our field surveys conducted in 2018, and make clear the issues facing the schools of distance education in recent years especially due to the diversification of students.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 = Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University > 第136号

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