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北海道大学農經論叢 = The Review of the Society of Agricultural Economics >
造成・分譲型新規参入の特徴 : 北海道浦河町イチゴ団地の事例分析
|Title: ||造成・分譲型新規参入の特徴 : 北海道浦河町イチゴ団地の事例分析|
|Other Titles: ||Characteristics of the Entry into Newly Developed Farm Complex: A Case Study of Strawberry Farms in Urakawa Town|
|Authors: ||花田, 真帆路1 Browse this author|
|柳村, 俊介2 Browse this author →KAKEN DB|
|Authors(alt): ||Hanada, Mahoro1|
|Issue Date: ||31-Mar-2020|
|Journal Title: ||北海道大学農經論叢|
|Journal Title(alt): ||The Nokei Ronso : The Review of Agricultural Economics, Hokkaido University|
|Start Page: ||11|
|End Page: ||22|
|Abstract: ||New entrants into farming always generate high transaction costs for searching for candidates, training in farming, and negotiating the transfer of farm assets. These factors hinder the new entry.
In recent years, one of the pathways of entry into farming is newly developed Farm Complex Type, where greenhouses for particular crops are built by public entities for sell or lease to new entrants, in order to reduce initial investment and make farm businesses operated by beginning stable. We analyze the case of Urakawa town, Hokkaido where such farm complex for strawberry farming has been built and operated by the agricultural cooperative and the local government.
One of advantages such Farm Complex Type has is a reduction in transaction cost for acquiring farm assets by beginning farmers due to intermediary holdings which means public entities obtain farmland and built farm complex, and then sell/lease a farm to beginning farmers. Another is to provide standardized farms with same size and facility that make it easier to train beginning farmers and establish farm business.
On the other hand, Farm Complex Type has a weak point that the community of beginning farmers is likely to be separated from the existing rural community and building relationship with other farmers and organizations tends to be insufficient because various transactions are concentrated in public entities. In addition, sustainability of the program to promote entry to farming depends on financial and organizational conditions of public entities because of heavy human and financial burdens.|
|Type: ||bulletin (article)|
|Appears in Collections:||北海道大学農經論叢 = The Review of the Society of Agricultural Economics > 第73集|