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Reduction and Nitriding Behavior of Hematite with Ammonia

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/2115/79334

Title: Reduction and Nitriding Behavior of Hematite with Ammonia
Authors: Yasuda, Naoto Browse this author
Mochizuki, Yuuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tsubouchi, Naoto Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Akiyama, Tomohiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: ammonia
ironmaking
hydrogen reduction
iron nitride
Issue Date: 15-Apr-2015
Publisher: Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Journal Title: ISIJ International
Volume: 55
Issue: 4
Start Page: 736
End Page: 741
Publisher DOI: 10.2355/isijinternational.55.736
Abstract: This paper describes the reduction and nitriding behavior of hematite with ammonia in the context of ironmaking. The effects of temperature and ammonia concentration on the products were investigated. In the temperature range from 793 to 863 K, hematite was directly reduced to magnetite by ammonia (1/2Fe2O3 + 1/9NH3 → 1/3Fe3O4 + 1/6H2O + 1/18N2). The ammonia started to decompose at 873 K, triggered by the generation of α-Fe. Magnetite was reduced mainly to iron by hydrogen generated from the decomposition of ammonia (1/3Fe3O4 + 4/3H2 → Fe + 4/3H2O). According to in-situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements, α-Fe was immediately nitrided to an ε-Fe3-xN (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) phase, and the N/Fe atomic ratio decreased gradually with increasing temperatures. The rate of hematite reduction increased with the ammonia concentration for 5% to 20% NH3, but plateaus for NH3 concentrations greater than 20%. This was attributed to the mechanism of ammonia decomposition; the amount of hydrogen generated also plateaus at ammonia concentrations above 20%. The reduction rate was therefore limited by the rate at which hydrogen was generated during ammonia decomposition. The N content of the product was affected not only by the temperature but also by the nitriding potential (KN = PNH3/PH23/2). The nitriding potential increased with increasing ammonia concentrations and decreasing temperatures. The addition of nitrogen gas to the reactive gas inhibited ammonia decomposition and increased the nitrogen potential and N content of the product.
Rights: 著作権は日本鉄鋼協会にある
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/79334
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 坪内 直人

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