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Novel autophagy modulators: Design and synthesis of (+)-epogymnolactam analogues and structure-activity relationship

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Title: Novel autophagy modulators: Design and synthesis of (+)-epogymnolactam analogues and structure-activity relationship
Authors: Ueda, Kazuki Browse this author
Okado, Yuji Browse this author
Shigetomi, Kengo Browse this author
Ubukata, Makoto Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Epogymnolactam
Autophagy inducer
Autophagy inhibitor
Structure activity relationship
NIH3T3 cells
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry / Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Volume: 26
Issue: 18
Start Page: 5159
End Page: 5168
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2018.09.013
Abstract: (+)-Epogymnolactam (1) was discovered as a novel autophagy inducer from a culture of Gymnopus sp. in our laboratory. To determine structure-activity relationships among (+)-epogymnolactam analogues comparing with cerulenin (2), we synthesized 5 analogues including (-)-epogymnolactam (3) having each different functional group, and 3 analogues with different side-chain lengths. Five analogues, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 did not significantly increase the ratio of LC3-II to LC3-I as an autophagy marker in NIH3T3 cells. These results suggest that presence and stereochemistry of (2R, 3S)-epoxy group and cyclic syn-form (1b) of 1 are important for the activity as autophagy inducer. Hexyl analogue (8) as well as 1 having butyl side-chain dose-dependently increased the ratio of LC3-II to LC3-I, whereas octyl analogue (9) and 2 rather decreased the ratio. Decyl analogue (10) did not give a change in the ratio. Although 8 seemed to be an excellent autophagy inducer, it dosedependently increased SQSTM1 (p62) as in the case of 2, whereas 1 showed a slight dose-dependent decrease of p62 as an index of autophagic protein degradation. These observations suggest that 8 is an autophagy modulator with different molecular target from 1 or 2.
Rights: © <2018>. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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