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Calcium carbonate precipitation in compacted bentonite using electromigration reaction method and its application to estimate the ion activity coefficient in the porewater

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Title: Calcium carbonate precipitation in compacted bentonite using electromigration reaction method and its application to estimate the ion activity coefficient in the porewater
Authors: Rachmadetin, Jaka Browse this author
Mizuto, Masaya Browse this author
Tanaka, Shingo Browse this author
Kozaki, Tamotsu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Watanabe, Naoko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Radioactive waste management
solubility
migration
bentonite
calcium carbonate
porewater
activity coefficient
Issue Date: Nov-2019
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal Title: Journal of nuclear science and technology
Volume: 56
Issue: 11
Start Page: 959
End Page: 970
Publisher DOI: 10.1080/00223131.2019.1630020
Abstract: In the safety assessment of radioactive waste disposal, it is critical to understand the porewater chemistry in compacted bentonite in order to predict long-term migration behavior of radionuclides in the engineered barrier. This study estimates the activity coefficients of dissolved ions in the porewater of compacted bentonite from the concentrations of ions at which CaCO3 precipitation occurred. Solutions containing CaCl2 and NaHCO3 were introduced under electrical potential gradient from the opposite sides of the compacted Na-bentonite packed at the dry density of 1.0kg/dm(3). After the electromigration, the spatial distribution of ions along the compacted bentonite sample was determined. Sequential extraction method was developed to distinctly determine the concentrations of free ions in the porewater and in solid phase in bentonite. The results show that the exchangeable Na+ ions were progressively replaced by the incoming Ca2+ ions, and the compacted bentonite sample can be divided into three zones: Ca-, Ca-/Na-, and Na-bentonite zones. Precipitates of CaCO3 were observed both in Ca- and Ca/Na-bentonite zones. The experimentally determined activity coefficients were at least smaller by a factor of 3 compared to the theoretical approximation calculated using PHREEQC code assuming dilute-solution conditions with no electrostatic interactions between ions and bentonite surface.
Rights: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of nuclear science and technology on Nov. 2019, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/00223131.2019.1630020.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/79646
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 小崎 完

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