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Title: 日本的雇用システムの変化と若年者の雇用・人材育成
Other Titles: The Impact of Changes to Japanese Employment System on the Employment and Human Resource Development of the younger generation
Authors: 亀野, 淳1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): KAMENO, Jun1
Keywords: 日本的雇用システム
Japanese employment system
human resource development
attended schools
Issue Date: 10-Jun-2005
Publisher: 北海道社会学会
Journal Title: 現代社会学研究
Journal Title(alt): Contemporary Sociological Studies
Volume: 18
Start Page: 1
End Page: 15
Publisher DOI: 10.7129/jject.18.1
Abstract: 本稿は日本的雇用システムの変化が若年雇用や学歴・学校歴に及ぼす影響について考察したものである。 日本的雇用システムの変化は,そのメリットを否定したわけではなく,むしろメリットを維持するための修正とみるべきである。変化の方向性としては,新規学卒者の採用人数の絞込み,遅い選抜方法の見直し,人材育成における対象者の絞込みや自己啓発への期待などがあげられる。新規学卒者の採用人数の絞込みは,単純に若年者の雇用環境の悪化だけではなく学歴や学校歴による格差が大きくなると見込まれる。また遅い選抜方法の見直しは,選考基準として学校歴がより重視される傾向になると見込まれる。さらに人材育成における対象者の絞込みや自己啓発への期待は,ビジネススクールなどの専門職大学院の対する社会的ニーズは高まると予想されるが,大卒者の相対的地位の低下を招き新たな若年者の雇用問題を発生させるおそれもある。 このように日本的雇用システムの変化は,若年者の雇用環境の悪化や学歴・学校歴による格差を拡大させるおそれがある。したがって今後は正規社員と非正規社員の処遇格差の是正や非正規社員に対する人材育成やマネジメントの必要性が高まる。
This paper discusses the impact of changes to Japanese employment system on the employment of the younger generation, on academic background, and attended schools.Changes to the Japanese employment system do not serve to undermine its merits, but instead should be viewed as a correction to continue those merits. Potential directions for change include reducing the numbers of new graduates hired, re-evaluating selection methods for late applicants, decreasing the number of candidates that enter into human resources training, and increasing expectations for self-development. Reducing the numbers of new graduates hired not only simply worsens the employment outlook for young people, but also could result in greater hiring disparity for differences in academic background or attended schools. A re-evaluation of the selection method for late applicants could have result in a greater tendency to place emphasis on the candidate's attended school as a selection criterion. Further-more, decreasing the number of candidates who enter into human resources training, and increasing expectations for self-development could raise the social requirements for specialized degree programs such as business schools, but this leads to a reduction in the relative worth of university graduates, and runs the risk of causing new employment problems for younger people.These kinds of changes to the Japanese employment system run the risk of worsening the employment outlook for young people and widening the disparities of academic background or attended school. Therefore, in the future, there is an in-creased requirement for corrective actions to reduce disparity between permanent employees and non-permanent employees, and the establishment of programs for personal development and management of non-permanent employees.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:高等教育推進機構 (Institute for the Advancement of Higher Education) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 亀野 淳

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