Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research;Volume 40, Number 4

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CATARRHAL PROVENTRICULITIS ASSOCIATED WITH A FILAMENTOUS ORGANISM IN PET BIRDS

TSAI, Shinn-Shyong;PARK, Jae-Hak;HIRAI, Katsuya;ITAKURA, Chitoshi

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/2405
JaLCDOI : 10.14943/jjvr.40.4.143
KEYWORDS : proventriculitis;filamentous organism;pet bird;histopathology

Abstract

Catarrhal proventriculitis due to infection by an unidentified organism was diagnosed in 79 of 534 pet birds examined histologically. It was more prevalent in domestic birds (70 cases) than in imported ones (9 cases). A high incidence of the disease was encountered in budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus) and it was occasionally found in finches (Poephila gouldiae gouldiae), parakeets (Psittacula Krameri manillensis), Amazona parrots (Amazona aestiva aestiva) and cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus). The agent was a large filamentous rod, and was stained positively with Gram, GMS and PAS methods. Histologically, it induced a mild to moderate exudative or proliferative inflammation in the proventriculus. All the cases had an erosion in the gizzard. Ultrastructurally, the organism had a eukaryotic nucleus and three cell-wall layers. Concurrent infections were very common, including adenoviruses (37 cases), giardiasis (31 cases), candidiasis (13 cases), papovaviruses (11 cases) and knemidocoptic mites (11 cases).

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