Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research;Volume 42, Number 1

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THEILERIOSIS IN ZAMBIA : ETIOLOGY, EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CONTROL MEASURES

NAMBOTA, Andrew;SAMUI, Kenny;SUGIMOTO, Chihiro;KAKUTA, Tsutomu;ONUMA, Misao

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/2456
JaLCDOI : 10.14943/jjvr.42.1.1
KEYWORDS : Theileriosis;East Coast fever;Corridor disease;Theileria parva;Zambia

Abstract

In Zambia, theileriosis manifests itself in the form of Corridor disease (CD), caused by Theileria parva lawrencei, and East Coast fever (ECF), caused by T. parva parva. Of the approximately 3 million cattle in Zambia, 1.4 million are at risk to theileriosis. ECF is found in the Northern and Eastern provinces of the country, while CD appears in Southern, Central, Lusaka and Copperbelt provinces. Theileriosis is a major constraint to the development of the livestock industry in Zambia, with losses of about 10,000 cattle per annum. The disease is spreading at a very fast rate, over-flowing its original borders. The epidemiology is complicated by, among other factors, the wide distribution of the tick vector, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, which is found all over the country. The current strategy of relying on tick control and therapeutic drugs as a way of controlling the disease is becoming increasingly difficult for Zambia. This is because both curative drugs and acaricides are very costly. Immunization against theileriosis using the infection and treatment method as a way of controlling the disease is becoming increasingly accepted, provided local Theileria stocks are used. This paper reviews the incidence of theileriosis in the last 2 years, 1991 and 1992. It also gives a historical perspective of the disease, epidemiology and control measures presently in use.

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