メディア・コミュニケーション研究 = Media and Communication Studies;55

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Anschlüsse an das Unterbewusstsein in drei Kurzgeschichten von Marie Luise Kaschnitz : „Die Schlafwandlerin“, „Die Pilzsucher“, „Das Märchen vom Machandelboom“

Christ-Kagoshima, Gabriele

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/38498

Abstract

In this essay the short stories „Die Schlafwandlerin“, „Die Pilzsucher“ and „Das Märchen vom Machandelboom“, all three written by the German modern writer Marie Luise Kaschnitz, are analyzed according to passages within the texts that interrupt the reading process, remind the reader of his or her position as a reader and can lead to interpreting the text. As in Kaschnitz's stories the dividing line between dream/daydream/hallucination and reality is often blurred, this constitutes a psychoanalytical approach as a promising interpretation method, as these text interruptions can lead to a second layer of psychoanalytical meaning behind the obvious plot. This requires communication between reader and text in which the reader tries to retrieve hints to the unconscious and analyzes them consciously and constitutes some meaning. In the story „Die Schlafwandlerin“ a sleepwalker walks over rooftops and through the streets of a city. The voice of a strange woman tells her to see her surroundings more clearly. Finally, when she understands her life better, she is killed by an accident; the exact cause of her death remains unclear. The changing viewpoints of narration as well as depictions, comparable to C.G. Jung's archetypes can lead to the conclusion that the different persons of this story are parts of one fictional personality, who undergoes a process of cognition. „Die Pilzsucher“ contains similar elements which can be traced back to C.G. Jung's Anima, a white woman, here, however with dark feelings in contrast to a dark male antagonist, whose actions, however, convey good intentions and life assuring thinking. Here again changing viewpoints of narration can be found as an indicator for highlighting the relationship of a couple and/or the different aspects of a fictional personality. Another topic for inner development can be found in „Das Märchen vom Machandelboom“. Kaschnitz retells a fairy tale of the brothers Grimm in simple modern German. Behind the obvious plot of a murder - a stepmother kills her stepson, puts the blame on her daughter and is finally killed by a phoenix, which seems to be responsible for the resurrection of the stepson, too - mythological/religious motives as well as text interruptions and changing viewpoints of narration seem to indicate that this story can be seen as the individuation story of one fictional personality. As all three stories show similar characteristics they might be labeled as inner dramas.

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