Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research;Volume 49, Number 3

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A preliminary study of the genetic diversity of Xinjiang Tarim red deer (Cervus elaphus yarkandensis) using the microsatellite DNA method

MAHMUT, Halik;GANZORIG, Sumiya;ONUMA, Manabu;MASUDA, Ryuichi;SUZUKI, Masatsugu;OHTAISHI, Noriyuki

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/2917
JaLCDOI : 10.14943/jjvr.49.3.231
KEYWORDS : Cervus elaphus yarkandensis;microsatellite DNA;Tarim deer;Xinjiang

Abstract

To evaluate the genetic diversity of the Xinjiang Tarim red deer (Cervus elaphus yarkandensis) population, we analyzed the frequencies of microsatellite alleles. Samples were collected from 3 isolated populations in Xaya, Lopnur and Qarqan of Xinjiang. Although 10 microsatellite loci were examined, alleles of 133 to 190 base-pairs were detected for only 3 loci : BM5004, BM4208 and BM888. The average observed multilocus heterozygosity was 0.08±0.04 for the Xaya, 0 for the Lopnur, and 0.17±0.08 for the Qarqan population. The average heterozygosity of all populations was 0.08±0.02. The observed heterozygosities were significantly lower than the expected values. The present results suggest that the bottleneck effect has occurred in the populations of the Xinjiang Tarim red deer.

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