Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research;Volume 51, Number 2

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Hepatocyte growth factor transduces different intracellular signals in aortic and umbilical venous endothelial cells

Makondo, Kennedy;Kimura, Kazuhiro;Kitamura, Takanori;Yamaji, Daisuke;Saito, Masayuki

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/2971
JaLCDOI : 10.14943/jjvr.51.2.105
KEYWORDS : Akt;endothelial cell;endothelial cell HGF;MAPK;nitric oxide synthase

Abstract

Endothelial cells are important for maintenance of vascular integrity by producing a variety of bioactive molecules such as nitric oxide (NO). Recent evidence has suggested that there are some differences in characteristics between endothelial cells from different origins. Here we examined responses of two typical endothelial cells to hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), which induces endothelium-dependent relaxation of microvessels. Stimulation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) with HGF increased endothelial NO synthase activity, accompanied with an increase of activity-related site-specific phosphorylation of protein kinase B/Akt. However, HGF stimulated phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) only in HUVEC, but not in BAEC, while it, induced phosphorylation of p44 /p42 MAPK in both cells. These results suggest that HGF transduces different intracellular signals between aortic and umbilical venous endothelial cells, and that the differences might represent divergent endothelial responses to growth factors, especially those that activate receptor-tyrosine kinases.

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