Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research;Volume 39, Number 2-4

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BOVINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS INFECTION IN TAIWAN : EVALUATION OF THE ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY AND AGAR GEL IMMUNODIFFUSION TEST

WANG, Chun-Tshen

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/3277
JaLCDOI : 10.14943/jjvr.39.2-4.107
KEYWORDS : bovine leukemia virus;enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay;Agar gel immunodiffusion test

Abstract

I evaluated an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test simultaneously for the detection of bovine leukemia virus (BLV) antibodies. Total 1,293 serum samples were tested for ELISA and AGID test and the results were compared. The results of ELISA and AGID agreed by 1,156 out of 1,293 (89.4%). All of AGID-positive 356 sera were positive by ELISA. However, of 451 ELISA-positive sera, 95 sera were either negative or equivocal by AGID test. Eleven animals which showed ELISA-positive but AGID-negative or equivocal became AGID-positive in a year. It may be inferred that ELISA detects infected cattle earlier and with greater sensitivity than AGID.

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