Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research;Volume 61 Supplement

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Determination of multiple mycotoxins levels in poultry feeds from Cameroon

Abia, Wilfred Angie;Simo, Grace Nella;Warth, Benedikt;Sulyok, Michael;Krska, Rudolf;Tchana, Angele;Moundipa, Paul Fewou

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/52353
JaLCDOI : 10.14943/jjvr.61.suppl.s33
KEYWORDS : Cameroon;LC-ESI-MS/MS;poultry feeds;multi-mycotoxins

Abstract

For the first time in Cameroon, this paper reports on multiple mycotoxins occurrences in poultry feeds. Twenty feed samples collected from different poultry farms were analyzed for 320 fungal metabolites by liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Results showed feeds contamination by 68 metabolites including 18 mycotoxins/metabolites currently regulated in the European Union such as fumonisins B1 (FB1), B2, and B3; deoxynevalenol (DON); and beta-zearalenol recovered in all samples. FB1 reported highest FB mean level of 468 (range 16-1930) μg kg-1. Levels of DON and ZEN were mostly concentrated in feeds from western-highlands conversely for FBs and aflatoxins concentrations in Yaounde. Aflatoxin B1 mean level of 40 μg kg-1 exceeded the worldwide permitted limit for aflatoxins in feed and generally inversely proportional to weight gain in chicken.

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