北方人文研究 = Journal of the Center for Northern Humanities;第6号 = No.6

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サハ語の使役文と受動文 : 二重対格使役文と非人称受動文を中心に

江畑, 冬生

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/52613
KEYWORDS : サハ語;使役文;受動文;二重対格使役文;非人称受動文

Abstract

This paper examines Sakha causative and passive, focusing on double-accusative causative and impersonal passive. With regard to Sakha causatives, it is pointed out that the case-marking of causee is related to the type of causation meant. Double-accusative causatives are possible in Sakha. Additionally, Sakha allows impersonal passives, which are derived from both transitive and intransitive clauses. The unexpressed agent in impersonal passives must be human. Double-accusative causative is impossible in most Turkic languages other than Sakha, but possible in almost all Tungusic languages. Therefore, it is highly probable that Sakha double-accusative causative has developed through contact with Tungusic languages. In contrast to double-accusative causatives, impersonal passives are not possible in Tungusic languages but found in other Turkic languages. Thus, it is unlikely that Sakha impersonal passives have developed through language contact.

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