北方人文研究 = Journal of the Center for Northern Humanities - 第6号 = No.6

ツングース諸語包括形の形態構造に関する考察

白, 尚燁

Permalink :  http://hdl.handle.net/2115/52615
KEYWORDS : ツングース諸語; 包括形; 携帯構造

Abstract

Most of the Tungusic languages have two forms (inclusive/exclusive) in the first plural pronoun, depending on whether it includes the addressee or not. It is possible to divide the previous works on the morphological analysis of Tungusic inclusive forms into the following two ways: 1) Tungusic inclusive consists of the first and second person pronoun, 2) it is composed of the first person pronoun with plural suffix in it. Reexamining these two studies above, this paper aims to clarify the morphological structure of inclusive in Tungusic by focusing on inclusive forms in the personal pronoun, declension and personal suffix. In conclusion, it is presumed to be difficult to determine how to reconstruct the base element of Old Tungusic inclusive forms since there is no solid phonological correspondence to prove it at the present stage. However, the chance that Tungusic inclusive has the plural suffix in it is considered to be high like some previous works mentioned. In addition, there have been some previous studies on inclusive or inclusive-like function with plural suffix in other Altaic (Mongolic, Turkic). Therefore, there may be a possibility in composing inclusive or inclusive-like function of using the plural element in the Altaic languages.


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