Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research;Volume 63 Number 1

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Molecular evidence for genetic distinctions between Chlamydiaceae detected in Siamese crocodiles (Crocodylus siamensis) and known Chlamydiaceae species

Sariya, Ladawan;Kladmanee, Kan;Bhusri, Benjaporn;Thaijongrak, Prawporn;Tonchiangsai, Kanittha;Chaichoun, Kridsada;Ratanakorn, Parntep

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/58142
JaLCDOI : 10.14943/jjvr.63.1.5
KEYWORDS : Chlamydiaceae;C. siamensis;Siamese crocodiles

Abstract

Chlamydiosis, caused by Chlamydiaceae, is a zoonotic disease found in humans and several species of animals, including reptiles and amphibians. Although chlamydiosis in saltwater crocodiles has been previously reported in South Africa and Papua New Guinea, the reported strains have not been identified or confirmed. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to sequence and characterize Chamydiaceae isolated from Siamese crocodiles. Results showed the 16S ribosomal (r) RNA and the 16S/23S rRNA gene of the crocodile isolates were closely related to the genus Chlamydophila with matched identity greater than 98%. The phylogenetic tree constructed from the 16S/23S rRNA gene showed the crocodile cluster diverges far from Cp. caviae with a 100% bootstrap value. The tree based on the ompA gene loci distinguished the crocodile strains into genotypes I, II, and III. The present study is the first report on Chlamydophila detected in Siamese crocodiles that is genetically distinct from the known species of Chlamydiaceae.

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