Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research;Volume 64 Number 2


An unusual case of thoracic ectopia cordis in a Toggenburg Goat and its three-dimensional images constructed with X-ray computed tomography

Lai, Jyh-Mirn;Wu, Jui-Te;Yang, Wei-Cheng;Chao, Ming-Hsin;Nagahata, Hajime

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/62210
JaLCDOI : 10.14943/jjvr.64.2.165
KEYWORDS : computed tomography;congenital malformation;ectopia cordis


A two-day-old female Toggenburg goat with thoracic ectopia cordis (EC) was diagnosed via radiography and computed tomography. The goat was born with EC, defects of the sternum and a supra-umbilical abdominal wall, but without the presence of Cantrell’s syndrome. Necropsy and histopathological findings indicated the affected kid had malformation of the heart with an enlarged left ventricle. The findings showed the heart (9 × 5 × 5 cm) stayed outside the thorax, and was covered by a semitransparent membrane. This report is the first to describe a case of thoracic EC in a goat whose sternum was not developed fully and was not connected to the ribs. It is also the first paper to describe three-dimensional images of this condition constructed from computed tomography scans.