北海道農業経済研究 = Hokkaido Jounal of Agricultural Economics;第8巻 第2号

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草地型酪農の発展と地域・環境政策(1998年度秋季大会シンポジウム「新農業基本法における地域・環境政策と北海道農業の進路-畑作及び酪農の活性化方策を中心にして-」)

荒木, 和秋

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/63238

Abstract

Hokkaido's dairy farmers have enlarged their farm sizes significantly while reducing labor requirements. This enlargement was possible because of the introduction of labor saving techniques such as machinery for harvesting roughage, facilities for managing cows, group work organizations for harvesting roughage, a dairy farm support system and feed concentrates. Despite these changes, Japan's milk production costs have become the highest in the world. The reason for this is the typical management system of keeping cows in sheds all year round while using a land system where farmers raise grass and fodder crops on scattered parcels of land. This also results in manure piled around the sheds that pollute rivers and underground water sources. The way to resolve these problems is to adopt a farm system based on unit land and an intensive grazing system. This is a strategy that can be adopted from the system used by the agricultural investment company in New Zealand.

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