Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research;Volume 39, Number 2-4

FONT SIZE:  S M L

AN IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL STUDY OF THE GASTRO-ENTERO-PANCREATIC ENDOCRINE CELLS IN THE ALIMENTARY TRACT OF THE KOREAN TREE SQUIRREL, SCIURUS VULGARIS COREA

LEE, Hyeung-Sik;HASHIMOTO, Yoshiharu;KON, Yasuhiro;SUGIMURA, Makoto

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/8936
KEYWORDS : gastro-entero-pancreatic endocrine cells;gastrointestinal tract;immunoreactive endocrine cell;Korean tree squirrel

Abstract

The regional distribution and relative frequencies of gastrointestinal endocrine cells were studied immunohistochemically in the gastrointestinal mucosa of Korean tree squirrels. Seven kinds of endocrine cells were identified in this study. Although a large number of 5-hydroxytryptamine-immunoreactive cells were seen throughout the gastrointestinal tract, they were most predominant in the duodenum. A moderate number of glucagon-immunoreactive cells which were restricted to the cardia and fundus of the stomach was also observed. Bovine chromogranin-immunoreactive cells were numerous in the cardia and pylorus of the stomach, found in moderate numbers in the fundus, duodenum and large intestine, but rare in the jejunum. Porcine chromogranin-immunoreactive cells were found in moderate numbers in the stomach but were rare in the duodenum. Gastrin/cholecystokinin-immunoreactive cells were abundant in the pyloric gland region but scarce in the duodenum. Bovine pancreatic polypeptide-immunoreactive cells were observed to be rare and found only in the pyloric gland region. Somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were distributed moderately in the stomach but were few in number in the intestines. No insulin- immunoreactive cells were found in the gastrointestinal tract of Korean tree squirrels. These results suggest that although the Korean tree squirrel is a herbivorous rodent, the distribution pattern of its gastro-entero-endocrine cells is rather similar to that reported for omnivorous animals.

FULL TEXT:PDF