Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research;Volume 67 Number 2

FONT SIZE:  S M L

Geographic distribution of cattle anthrax in Western Zambia

Simbotwe, Manyando;Mulenga, Evans;Furuta, Yoshikazu;Munkombwe Muuka, Geoffrey;Hang'ombe, Bernard Mudenda;Higashi, Hideaki

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/74800
JaLCDOI : 10.14943/jjvr.67.2.195
KEYWORDS : anthrax;geographical distribution;Zambia

Abstract

Cattle anthrax outbreaks have been reported in Western Province, Zambia since the 1970s. Although several efforts have been made to control these outbreaks, their persistent occurrence remains a major problem. To understand the current epidemiological situation, we analyzed the annual, seasonal, and geographical distributions of cattle anthrax in Zambia from 2000 to 2016. Results indicate a decrease in the annual number of reported cases and a change in geographical distribution of outbreaks. Anthrax vaccinations can influence the epidemiological situation of the Western Province; therefore, the seroprevalence of Bacillus anthracis protective antigen antibodies was determined in 1619 cattle. The overall seropositive rate was 24.9% (403/1619) and it varied among sampling areas, suggesting that anthrax vaccination programs must be reinforced in Zambia.

FULL TEXT:PDF