Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research;Volume 69 Number 1

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Intravaginal hematoma with hematometra causing severe anemia in a pet rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)

Kojimoto, Atsuko;Itoh, Teruo;Uchida, Kazuyuki;Chambers, James;Shii, Hiroki

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/80622
JaLCDOI : 10.14943/jjvr.69.1.67
KEYWORDS : intravaginal hematoma;rabbit;surgery

Abstract

A 23-month-old female dwarf-mixed rabbit was admitted after a large amount of blood was found in its cage. The rabbit had severe anemia (hematocrit 10%); abdominal ultrasonography revealed fluid accumulation, primarily in the proximal vagina. After blood transfusion, an exploratory laparotomy revealed a dilated vagina with an enlarged uterus; ovariohysterectomy with partial vaginectomy was performed. The anemia improved the next day (hematocrit 19%) and the rabbit recovered. Grossly, a large blood clot was present in the proximal vagina with a small amount of blood in the uterus. Histological examination revealed a varicosity in the proximal vagina and uterine endometrial hyperplasia. This case suggests that intravaginal hematoma with severe anemia may occur in rabbits, for which prompt surgery may be required.

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