Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research;Volume 52, Number 3

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Inactivation of SARS coronavirus by means of povidone-iodine, physical conditions, and chemical reagents

Kariwa, Hiroaki;Fujii, Nobuhiro;Takashima, Ikuo

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/10516
JaLCDOI : 10.14943/jjvr.52.3.105
KEYWORDS : coronavirus;disinfection;inactivation;infection control;povidone-iodine;SARS;Severe acute respiratory syndrome

Abstract

products, a number of other chemical agents, and various physical conditions were evaluated for their ability to inactivate the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV). Treatment of SARS-CoV with PVP-I products for 2 min reduced the virus infectivity from 1.17 x 10⁶ TCID₅₀/ml to below the detectable level. The efficacy of 70% ethanol was equivalent to that of PVP-I products. Fixation of SARS-CoV-infected Vero E6 cells with a fixative including formalin, glutaraldehyde, methanol, and acetone for 5 min or longer eliminated all infectivity. Heating the virus at 56℃ for 5 min dramatically reduced the infectivity of the virus from 2.6 x 10⁷ to 40 TCID₅₀/ml, whereas heating the virus for 60 min or longer eliminated all infectivity. Irration with ultraviolet light at 134μQ/cm² for 15 min reduced the infectivity from 3.8 x 10⁷ to 180 TCID₅₀/ml; however, prolonged irradiation (60 min) failed to eliminate the remaining virus, leaving 18.8 TCID₅₀/ml. We beleave that these finding will be useful for the implementation of infection control measures against SARS, and for the establishment of effective guidlines for the preventation of SARS outbreaks.

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