Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research;Volume 28, Number 3

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OCCURRENCE OF ENTEROTOXIGENIC STAPHYLOCOCCI IN HOUSEHOLD AND LABORATORY DOGS

KAJI, Yoshifumi;KATO, Eiichi

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/2200
JaLCDOI : 10.14943/jjvr.28.3.86

Abstract

Enterotoxigenic staphylococci (ES) were isolated from the exterior body sites including the suppurative lesions of 15 (13.0%) out of 115 household dogs. Of the total 26 toxigenic isolates from the household dogs, 21 belonged to biotype E (canine origin, according to Baird-Parker's classification modified by HAJEK & MARSALEK) and produced enterotoxins C (18 isolates) and A (3 isolates), 4 belonged to biotype A (human origin according to the classification) and produced enterotoxins A (3 isolates) and D (1 isolate), and the remaining one belonged to biotype B (classified as swine or poultry origin) and produced enterotoxin C. ES were also isolated from the exterior body sites of 2 out of 9 laboratory dogs which were examined monthly over one year. All of the 6 toxigenic isolates from the laboratory dogs belonged to biotype E and produced enterotoxins A+C (3 isolates) and C (3 isolates). ES in household dogs were considered to be important because they produced enterotoxins A, C, and D, which frequently cause food poisoning in humans.

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