Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research;Volume 44, Number 3

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ULTRASONOGRAPHY AND ANGIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION OF NORMAL CANINE LIVER VESSELS

MWANZA, Timothy;MIYAMOTO, Toru;OKUMURA, Masahiro;HAGIO, Mitsuyoshi;FUJINAGA, Toru

Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2115/2570
JaLCDOI : 10.14943/jjvr.44.3.179
KEYWORDS : Ultrasonography;angiography;liver vessels;dog

Abstract

The aim of this study is to provide a description of the ultrasonographic and angiographic anatomy of the hepatic and portal veins in normal dogs. Knowledge of this anatomy is essential for the proper diagnosis and correction of hepatic vessel anomalies like portal systemic shunts. Cranial mesenteric portography was done in 10 adult mongrel dogs to visualize the portal vein and its branches while the hepatic veins were visualized using the transvenous retrograde angiography method. Longitudinal and transverse ultrasound scans of the liver were done in the same dogs in left and right lateral positions in order to determine the best positions for imaging the different liver vessels. The distribution pattern of the hepatic and portal veins could be demonstrated by both ultrasonography and contrast angiography. Hepatic arteries are not usually visualized ultrasonographically. Ultrasound provided dynamic information that could not be obtained by contrast radiography. Super imposition of all vessels in the angiographic studies made the description of the branches of the liver vessels difficult. The results of the present study suggest that both methods may provide important complementary information in the diagnosis and planning of surgical procedures for the correction of vessel anomalies in the canine liver.

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