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Decadal variability in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Extension simulated in an eddy-resolving OGCM

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Title: Decadal variability in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Extension simulated in an eddy-resolving OGCM
Authors: Nonaka, M. Browse this author
Nakamura, H. Browse this author
Tanimoto, Y.3 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kagimoto, T. Browse this author
Sasaki, H. Browse this author
Authors(alt): 谷本, 陽一3
Issue Date: 15-May-2006
Publisher: American Meteorological Society
Journal Title: Journal of Climate
Volume: 19
Issue: 10
Start Page: 1970
End Page: 1989
Publisher DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3793.1
Abstract: Through analysis of a hindcast integration of an eddy-resolving quasi-global ocean general circulation model, decadal variability in the Kuroshio–Oyashio Extension region is investigated, with particular emphasis on that of the subarctic (Oyashio) and the Kuroshio Extension (KE) fronts. The KE front is deep and is accompanied by a sharp sea surface height (SSH) gradient with modest sea surface temperature (SST) gradient. In contrast, the subarctic front is shallow and is recognized as a zone of tight gradient in SST but not SSH. As a decadal-scale change from a warm period around 1970 to a cool period in the mid-1980s, those fronts in the model migrate southward as observed, and the associated pronounced cooling is confined mainly to those frontal zones. Reflecting the distinctive vertical structure of the fronts, the mixed layer cooling is the strongest along the subarctic front, whereas the subsurface cooling and the associated salinity changes are most pronounced along the KE front. Concomitantly with their southward migration, the two fronts have undergone decadal-scale intensification. Associated with reduced heat release into the atmosphere, the cooling in the frontal zones can be attributed neither to the direct atmospheric thermal forcing nor to the advective effect of the intensified KE, while the advective effect by the intense Oyashio can contribute to the cooling in the subarctic frontal zone. In fact, their time evolution is not found to be completely coherent, suggesting that their variability may be governed by different mechanisms. Decadal SSH variability in the KE frontal zone seems to be largely explained by propagation of baroclinic Rossby waves forced by anomalous Ekman pumping in the central North Pacific. This process alone cannot fully explain the corresponding variability in the subarctic frontal zone, where eastward propagating SSH anomalies off the Japanese coast seem to be superimposed on the Rossby wave signals.
Rights: Copyright (c) 2006 American Meteorological Society
Type: article
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 谷本 陽一

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