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Volume 54, Number 1 >

Experimental transmission of Bovine leukemia virus in cattle via rectal palpation

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://doi.org/10.14943/jjvr.54.1.25

Title: Experimental transmission of Bovine leukemia virus in cattle via rectal palpation
Authors: Kohara, Junko Browse this author
Konnai, Satoru Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Onuma, Misao Browse this author
Keywords: Bovine leukemia virus
rectal palpation
transmission
Issue Date: 31-May-2006
Publisher: The Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University
Journal Title: Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume: 54
Issue: 1
Start Page: 25
End Page: 30
Abstract: We examined whether Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) was transmitted by rectal palpation using a common sleeve between a BLV-infected cow and BLVnegative steers. Three of four steers developed antibodies against BLV as determined by agar-gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test between 7 to 10 weeks after the first rectal palpation using common sleeves from BLV-infected cow. In the steers, BLV proviral DNA were detected by PCR 1 to 5 weeks earlier than detection of the antibodies by the AGID test. Our experiments demonstrated that rectal palpation is a potential cause of BLV spread in herds and that detection of BLV proviral DNA in cattle by PCR is useful screening test for early diagnosis of BLV infection.
Type: bulletin (article)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/13692
Appears in Collections:Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research > Volume 54, Number 1

Submitter: 獣医学部図書室

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