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Composition and major sources of organic compounds of aerosol particulate matter sampled during the ACE-Asia campaign

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タイトル: Composition and major sources of organic compounds of aerosol particulate matter sampled during the ACE-Asia campaign
著者: Simoneit, Bernd R. T. 著作を一覧する
Kobayashi, Minoru 著作を一覧する
Mochida, Michihiro 著作を一覧する
Kawamura, Kimitaka 著作を一覧する
Lee, Meehye 著作を一覧する
Lim, Ho-Jin 著作を一覧する
Turpin, Barbara J. 著作を一覧する
Komazaki, Yuichi 著作を一覧する
キーワード: levoglucosan
glucose
organic aerosols
OC/EC
carboxylic acids
n-alkanes
sucrose
mycose
saccharides
atmospheric aerosols
dicarboxylic acids
PAHs
hydrocarbons
fatty acids
alkanols
ACE-Asia
発行日: 2004年 9月17日
出版者: American Geophysical Union
誌名: Journal of Geophysical Research. Atmosphere
巻: 109
号: D19
開始ページ: D19S10
出版社 DOI: 10.1029/2004JD004598
抄録: The organic compound tracers of atmospheric particulate matter, as well as organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC), have been characterized for samples acquired during the ACEAsia campaign from Gosan, Jeju Island, Korea; Sapporo, Japan, and Chichi-jima Island in the western North Pacific, as well as on the NOAA R/V Ronald H. Brown. Total extracts were analyzed by GC-MS to determine both polar and aliphatic compounds. Total particles, organic matter and lipid and saccharide compounds were high during the Asian dust episode (early April 2001) compared to levels at other times. The organic matter can be apportioned to seven emission sources and to significant oxidation producing secondary products during long-range transport. Terrestrial natural background compounds are vascular plant wax lipids derived from direct emission and as part of desert sand dust. Fossil fuel utilization is obvious and derives from petroleum product and coal combustion emissions. Saccharides are a major polar (water-soluble) carbonaceous fraction derived from soil resuspension (agricultural activities). Biomass burning smoke is evident in all samples and seasons. It contributes up to 13% of the total compound mass as water-soluble constituents. Burning of refuse is another source of organic particles. Varying levels of marine-derived lipids are superimposed during aerosol transport over the ocean. Secondary oxidation products increase with increasing transport distance and time. The ACEAsia aerosols are comprised not only of desert dust, but also of soil dust, smoke from biomass and refuse burning, and emissions from fossil fuels use in urban areas.
Rights: An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright 2004 American Geophysical Union.
資料タイプ: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/13703
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 河村 公隆

 

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