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Evaluation of the section modulus for tree-stem cross sections of irregular shape

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Title: Evaluation of the section modulus for tree-stem cross sections of irregular shape
Authors: Koizumi, Akio Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Hirai, Takuro Browse this author
Keywords: Windthrow resistance
Section modulus
Bitmap image
Hollow trunk
Bending strength
Issue Date: Jun-2006
Publisher: Springer
日本木材学会
Journal Title: Journal of Wood Science
Volume: 52
Issue: 3
Start Page: 213
End Page: 219
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s10086-005-0747-2
Abstract: The effect of section modulus as estimated for tree stems of irregular cross section with hollow trunks on windthrow resistance was discussed. The sample trees were 12 aged poplar trees growing along the roadside in Sapporo. Binarized bitmap images of photographs of the crosscut surface of the sample tree stems were used to calculate numerical solutions for section moduli. The error for image resolution was simulated to less than 1% under the condition in which the image was divided into more than 400 pixels. The coefficient of variation in section modulus concerning six neutral axis directions in a horizontal plane was 11-14%. The reduction in section modulus caused by decay or hollow trunk was 36-56% of the full cross section. The effect of section modulus on critical wind velocity was found to be considerable. The critical wind velocity calculated for some of the sample trees was less than 40 m/s, and these trees were considered to be in danger of bending failure of the stems.
Rights: The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/14459
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 小泉 章夫

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