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Role of Specific Humidity Anomalies in Caribbean SST Response to ENSO

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/2115/14528

Title: Role of Specific Humidity Anomalies in Caribbean SST Response to ENSO
Authors: CHIKAMOTO, Yoshimitsu Browse this author
TANIMOTO, Youichi2 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): 谷本, 陽一2
Issue Date: 26-Dec-2005
Publisher: Meteorogical Society of Japan
Journal Title: Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan
Volume: 83
Issue: 6
Start Page: 959
End Page: 975
Publisher DOI: 10.2151/jmsj.83.959
Abstract: Remote influences of El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on tropical Atlantic sea surface temperature (SST) are examined using reanalysis and in-situ observational datasets. During both the warm and cold events of ENSO, latent heat flux anomalies are the major mechanism for SST anomalies over the Caribbean Sea. Results from a linear decomposition of the latent heat flux anomalies indicate that the anomalous air-sea difference in specific humidity (Δq´) is the dominant term in January, one month after the ENSO's mature phase. Since anomalies of SST and saturation specific humidity at the sea surface are still small in January, Δq´is due mostly to changes in specific humidity in the lower atmosphere. Changes in surface air humidity and temperature, and their relationship to temperature variability in the upper troposphere during ENSO warm events are discussed.
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/14528
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 谷本 陽一

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