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In vitro biomechanical effects of reconstruction on adjacent motion segment: comparison of aligned/kyphotic posterolateral fusion with aligned posterior lumbar interbody fusion/posterolateral fusion.

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タイトル: In vitro biomechanical effects of reconstruction on adjacent motion segment: comparison of aligned/kyphotic posterolateral fusion with aligned posterior lumbar interbody fusion/posterolateral fusion.
著者: Sudo, Hideki 著作を一覧する
Oda, I. 著作を一覧する
Abumi, K. 著作を一覧する
Ito, M. 著作を一覧する
キーワード: posterolateral fusion
posterior lumbar interbody fusion
kyphosis
biomechanics
intradiscal pressure
発行日: 2003年 9月
巻: 99
号: 2 Suppl.
開始ページ: 221
終了ページ: 228
抄録: OBJECT. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) was developed to overcome the limitations of posterolateral fusion in correcting spinal deformity and maintaining lumbar lordosis. In this study the authors compare the biomechanical effects of three different posterior reconstructions on the adjacent motion segment. METHODS. Ten calf spinal (L2-S1) specimens underwent nondestructive flexion-extension testing (± 6 Nm). The specimens were destabilized at the L5-S1 levels after intact testing. This was followed by pedicle screw fixation with and without interbody cages as follows: 1) with straight rods ("aligned" posterolateral fusion); 2) with kyphotically prebent rods ("kyphotic" posterolateral fusion); and 3) with interbody cages combined with straight rods ("aligned" PLIF/posterolateral fusion). The range of motion (ROM) of the operative segments, the intradiscal pressure (IDP), and longitudinal lamina strain in the superior adjacent segment (L4-5) were analyzed. The ROM associated with aligned PLIF/posterolateral fusion-treated specimens was significantly less than both the aligned and kyphotic posterolateral fusion-treated procedures in both flexion and extension loading (p<0.05). The aligned PLIF/posterolateral fusion was associated with greater IDP and the lamina strain compared with the aligned and kyphotic posterolateral fusion groups in flexion loading. Under extension loading, greater IDP and lamina strain were present in the kyphotic posterolateral fusion group than in the aligned posterolateral fusion group. The highest IDP and lamina strain were shown in the aligned PLIF/posterolateral fusion group. CONCLUSIONS. Compared with kyphotic posterolateral fusion, PLIF may lead to even higher load at the superior adjacent level because of the increased stiffness of the fixed segments even if local kyphosis is corrected by PLIF.
Rights: The final version of the paper was published in (Journal of Neurosurgery, vol.99-2). For reuse of any of the materials, including editorial copy, figures, or tables please contact the Journal of Neurosurgery at jneuro@virginia.edu
資料タイプ: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/14599
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 須藤 英毅

 

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