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A new dynamic myocardial phantom for the assessment of left ventricular function by gated single-photon emission tomography.

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Title: A new dynamic myocardial phantom for the assessment of left ventricular function by gated single-photon emission tomography.
Authors: Kubo, Naoki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Morita, Koichi Browse this author
Katoh, Chietsugu Browse this author
Shiga, Tohru Browse this author
Konno, Masanori Browse this author
Tsukamoto, Eriko Browse this author
Morita, Yutaka Browse this author
Tamaki, Nagara Browse this author
Keywords: Myocardium
Wall motion
Single-photon emission tomography
Issue Date: Sep-2000
Journal Title: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Volume: 27
Issue: 10
Start Page: 1525
End Page: 1530
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s002590000318
PMID: 11083542
Abstract: Gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission tomography (SPET) has been used for the measurement of left ventricular (LV) function and validated by means of comparison with other imaging modalities. We have designed a new dynamic myocardial phantom in order to validate the LV function as assessed by the use of gated myocardial perfusion SPET. The phantom consists of two half-ellipsoids (an endocardial surface and an epicardial surface) and a thorax. The myocardial space is filled with a radioactive solution. The endocardial surface moves continuously towards and away from the epicardial surface in the longitudinal axis to vary the LV volume [143 ml at end-diastole (ED), 107 ml at end-systole (ES)] and thickness (apex 8 mm at ED and 26 mm at ES, midplane 8 mm). The mean values of wall motion (WM) for the apical midplane region and the basal midplane region were 5 mm and 2 mm, respectively. Gated myocardial SPET was performed during 8 and 16 intervals. These projection data sets were processed using a Butterworth filter with an order of 5 and a critical frequency of 0.34 cycles/cm. LV function was calculated using the quantitative gated SPET (QGS) algorithm. The LV function values estimated by gated SPET during 16 intervals [22% for ejection fraction (EF), 3.7 mm for WM of the apical midplane, 1.7 mm for WM of the basal midplane] closely resembled actual LV functions [25% for EF, 5 mm for WM of the apical midplane, 2 mm for WM of the basal midplane]. However, the estimated values during 8 intervals were smaller than those during 16 intervals (19% for EF, 3.3 mm for WM of the apical-midplane, 1.1 mm for WM of the basal-midplane). The estimated LV volumes closely correlated with the actual volumes (r=0.99 for 16 intervals, r=0.95 for 8 intervals). Utilizing this phantom, LV function estimated using gated myocardial SPET can be compared with actual values.
Rights: The original publication is available at
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 久保 直樹

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