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Volume 54, Number 2-3 >

Seroepidemiological survey of morbillivirus infection in Kuril harbor seals (Phoca vitulina stejnegeri) of Hokkaido, Japan

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Title: Seroepidemiological survey of morbillivirus infection in Kuril harbor seals (Phoca vitulina stejnegeri) of Hokkaido, Japan
Authors: Fujii, Kei Browse this author
Sato, Hiroki Browse this author
Kakumoto, Chiharu Browse this author
Kobayashi, Mari Browse this author
Saito, Sachiko Browse this author
Kariya, Tatsuya Browse this author
Watanabe, Yukiko Browse this author
Sakoda, Yoshihiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kai, Chieko Browse this author
Kida, Hiroshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Suzuki, Masatsugu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Canine distemper virus
Kuril harbor seal
Marine mammal
Phocine distemper virus
Issue Date: 30-Nov-2006
Publisher: The Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University
Journal Title: Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume: 54
Issue: 2-3
Start Page: 109
End Page: 117
Abstract: Serological analysis was performed to detect morbillivirus infection in Kuril harbor seals in Hokkaido, Japan. Serum samples were collected from the seals at Nosappu (231 sera), Akkeshi (16), and Erimo (75) between 1998 and 2005.Antibodies to phocine distemper virus (PDV) were detected by ELISA in seals from Nosappu and Erimo. Antibodies to PDV were found in 56% (5/9) of the sampled seals from Nosappu in 1998, versus only 5% (3/66) for 2003, 1% (1/79) for 2004, and 1% (1/77) for 2005.These suggest epidemic caused by the virus in or before 1998.As antibody-positive seals included juvenile seals in 2003 and 2005, sporadic infections of the virus are thought to have occurred in recent years. In Erimo, antibodies to PDV were found in 50% (14/28) of sampled seals in 2004, versus only 13% (1/8) for 1999, 7% (1/15) for 2003, and 0% (0/24) for 2005.These suggest sporadic infection by the virus before 2003 and the epizootic between after autumn in 2003, when samples of 2003 were collected, and 2004.Since antibodies to canine distemper virus (CDV) were detected in one adult seal from Nosappu in each year from 2003 to 2005, sporadic infections of the virus were suggested. There were no difference in incidence of seals with antibodies to the viruses between males and females and between juveniles and adults.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research > Volume 54, Number 2-3

Submitter: 獣医学部図書室

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