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Nanocrystalline Brookite-Type Titanium(IV) Oxide Photocatalysts Prepared by a Solvothermal Method: Correlation Between Their Physical Properties and Photocatalytic Activities

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タイトル: Nanocrystalline Brookite-Type Titanium(IV) Oxide Photocatalysts Prepared by a Solvothermal Method: Correlation Between Their Physical Properties and Photocatalytic Activities
著者: Kominami, Hiroshi 著作を一覧する
Ishii, Yoshinori 著作を一覧する
Kohno, Masaaki 著作を一覧する
Konishi, Shunsuke 著作を一覧する
Kera, Yoshiya 著作を一覧する
Ohtani, Bunsho 著作を一覧する
キーワード: titanium oxide
brookite
photocatalyst
発行日: 2003年11月
出版者: Springer
誌名: Catalysis Letters
巻: 91
号: 1-2
開始ページ: 41
終了ページ: 47
出版社 DOI: 10.1023/B:CATL.0000006316.45620.30
抄録: Nanocrystalline brookite-type titanium(IV) oxide TiO2 powder was synthesized by solvothermal treatment of oxobis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O)titanium in a 1,2-ethanediol-water system in the presence of sodium acetate followed by hydrothermal treatment at 373 K in order to remove organic moieties contaminating the powder. The powder was calcined at various temperatures to change its physical properties and then used for three types of photocatalytic reaction: mineralization of acetic acid (AcOH) in an aerated aqueous suspension of bare TiO2 powder, evolution of molecular hydrogen from 2-propanol in an aqueous suspension of in situ platinized powder and formation of molecular oxygen (O2) from silver sulfate in a deaerated aqueous suspension of bare TiO2 powder. Dependence of the photocatalytic activities on calcination temperature (Tc) and correlations with the physical properties of brookite-type TiO2 samples were examined. In the case of mineralization of AcOH, the uncalcined brookite TiO2 sample having the largest surface area showed the highest rate of carbon dioxide evolution (RCO2), which was equal to that of representative commercial TiO2 (Degussa P-25), and RCO2 decreased monotonously with Tc, i.e., with decrease in surface area. On the other hand, in the case of O2 formation, the photocatalytic activity was enhanced by calcination at a higher temperature, despite the simultaneous decrease in surface area. Overall, the effects of calcination on the photocatalytic activities for the three reaction systems strongly suggested that photocatalytic activity of brookite-type TiO2 depends on two significant factors, adsorbability and recombination probability, corresponding to the specific surface area and crystallinity, respectively, and that the balance of these two factors determines Tc dependence.
Rights: The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
資料タイプ: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/17132
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 大谷 文章

 

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