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Title: 数値シミュレーションによる薩摩硫黄島硫黄岳の火山熱水系の考察
Other Titles: Mathematical simulation of magma-hydrothermal system in Iwodake volcano
Authors: 松島, 喜雄1 Browse this author
Authors(alt): MATSUSHIMA, Nobuo1
Issue Date: 15-Mar-2007
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院理学研究院自然史科学部門(地球物理学)
Journal Title: 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告
Journal Title(alt): Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University
Volume: 70
Start Page: 95
End Page: 105
Abstract: The thermal activity of Iwodake volcano is characterized by the predominant volcanic gas ejection at the summit crater and the heat discharge from high ground temperature area which is distributed widely from the summit crater to hillside of the mountain. The volcanic gas at the summit crater is of magmatic origin and its temperature is observed to be 880°C in maximum. The total amount of the volcanic gas discharged from the summit area is estimated to be 150kg /sec from the SO2 measurement and the chemical composition of the volcanic gas. The heat discharge rate form the high ground temperature area at the hillside, which is distributed around the fumaroles is estimated to be 50MW from the surface temperature measurement. These thermal activities of Iwodake volcano is thought to be continued for more than 800 years. A plausible model to explain the long degassing of large amount of volcanic gas is magma circulation in a conduit which extended from the deep-seated magma reservoir. The continuous active degassing probably causes the hydrothermal system within the volcano because the volcanic gas ascending the conduit from the top of the magma to the surface is diffused to the surrounding formation. The development of such hydrothermal system is studied using the mathematical simulation. The result shows that the overall thermal activity of Iwodake volcano such as the volcanic gas ejection at the summit crater, widely distributed ground temperature anomaly at hillside and hot springs along the coast can be caused by the degassing activity. The important factors in order to induce the wide-ranging hydrothermal system are permeability of the volcanic edifice and the depth of the degassing. The simulation indicate that the permeability of 10-13m2 and the degassing at sea level are suitable condition for the Iwodake thermal activity.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学地球物理学研究報告 = Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University > 第70号

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