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北海道大学地球物理学研究報告 = Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University >
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1977 年有珠山噴火で生じた噴煙柱の解析

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Title: 1977 年有珠山噴火で生じた噴煙柱の解析
Other Titles: Analysys of the eruption columns formed by the 1977 eruption of Mt.Usu
Authors: 小野, 忍1 Browse this author
大島, 弘光2 Browse this author
Authors(alt): ONO, Shinobu1
OSHIMA, Hiromitsu2
Issue Date: 15-Mar-2007
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院理学研究院自然史科学部門(地球物理学)
Journal Title: 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告
Journal Title(alt): Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University
Volume: 70
Start Page: 153
End Page: 161
Abstract: The 1977 eruption of Mt.Usu generated four high-altitude eruption columns which produce BIGⅠ,BIGⅡ,BIGⅢ and BIGⅣ tephra-fall deposits respectively. Expressing the initial eruption velocity in terms of the solid mass eruption rate, the initial temperature, the initial radius and the initial gas fraction from the conservation of solid particles, we apply a steady plume model to the four eruption columns. The initial velocity increases with initial gas mass fraction and initial temperature for the solid mass eruption rate estimated from the volume of deposits, the apparent density of tephra and the eruption duration. For three eruption columns depositing BIGⅠ,BIGⅡ and BIGⅢ, the initial temperature and initial gas mass fraction are estimated at 600K and >0.11. The eruption column depositing BIGⅣ is formed at 800K and >0.15. The estimated initial temperature are low and initial gas mass fraction are high in comparison with general physical properties of dacitic magma. These inadequate values suggest that the growth of eruption columns take the influence of pyroclasts fallout from the column and thermal disequilibrium between pyroclasts and gases.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学地球物理学研究報告 = Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University > 第70号

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